Action research is the process which enables LSP teachers to examine their teaching
practice by a systematic and detailed application of various research procedures.
Its main purpose is to improve the teaching process and to facilitate the professional
development of teachers. It proves useful at the beginning of an individual’s professional
development and work as well as throughout one’s professional career. In this contribution,
the author presents the framework of action research, the key conditions and characteristics
of action research as a very interesting and, above all, useful method of teacher
development and reflection of one’s teaching practice also in the field of LSP. In
addition, the contribution examines the main positive aspects of action research
method and points out some ethical issues concerning it as well as provides one example
of its application.